It is often difficult or impossible to prepare tension test pieces from flat steel products to specified standard size due to inadequate sample piece size. Hence several sizes of test pieces yielding different gage lengths are envisaged. However, the value of the total elongation beyond maximum stress in tension testing depends on the gage length due to the effect of necking. Acceptance values of elongation at fracture for flat steel products are therefore specified together with corresponding gage lengths, e.g., 50 or 80 mm (fixed gage lengths) and k So (proportional gage lengths) where k takes the value of 4.00, 5.65, 8.16, or 11.30 and k
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