The Systems Approach and the Nordic Model are methodologies that have been formulated and applied over the past 30 years to the development of performance-based building codes, standards, and specifications. Their respective use of similar terminology has differed, which has led to some confusion and has contributed to the perception that they are, in fact, quite different. Proponents of each methodology have occasionally stated this perception in public forums and by doing so have created the appearance of controversy. However, a comparative analysis of the Systems Approach and the Nordic Model demonstrates that they are, in fact, quite similar and complementary. They can be melded and applied in a productive manner to the current widespread development of performance-based building codes and standards.
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