Journal Published Online: 01 November 1999
Volume 27, Issue 6

Repeatability and Bias of Two Walkway Safety Tribometers



Falls resulting from slips on walkway surfaces are a significant source of injury in society. To measure friction between the floor and the shoe, various types of tribometers and ASTM standards have been developed to assess walkway slip-resistance with the goal of improving pedestrian safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the repeatability and bias of the PIAST and VIT tribometers under both dry and wet conditions. Both devices were tested on an AMTI force platform over a wide range of angles. Bias was assessed by comparing the tribometer slip resistance reading to the actual Fx/Fz ratio measured by the force plate, while reliability was established by evaluating the ability of the tribometers to reproduce Fx, Fz, and the Fx/Fz ratio. Both tribometers demonstrated high degrees of bias and repeatability under both wet and dry conditions; however, each measured different slip-resistance values for the same surface. Further study should be directed at establishing which tribometer best simulates initial foot contact during gait with respect to measuring slip resistance.

Author Information

Powers, CM
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Kulig, K
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Flynn, J
Engineering Inc., Fresno, CA
Brault, JR
Biomechanics Research & Consulting Inc., El Segundo, CA
Pages: 7
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JTE12164J
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE12164J