Journal Published Online: 12 January 2005
Volume 33, Issue 2

Determination of Formaldehyde Evolved During the Curing of Melamine-Formaldehyde-Based Coatings



Total formaldehyde in a coating is composed of both “free” and “cure” formaldehyde. It has been recognized for many years that certain coatings can contain free formaldehyde, which is present prior to the cross-linking reaction. Cure formaldehyde is generated as a byproduct during polymer cross-linking of certain coatings. Formaldehyde has been designated a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) by the USEPA and will contribute to the Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) content of the coating.

ASTM Task Group D01.21.51A on “Cure Formaldehyde” has been working since 1998 to develop a simple method for determining the amount of cure formaldehyde emitted from coatings. Method development involved real time monitoring of formaldehyde by FT-IR to determine the effect of time, temperature, humidity, air flow, and film thickness on the cure reaction. The proposed ASTM method involves heating a thin film of coating for thirty minutes in a constant humidity purge chamber after solvent evaporation. Formaldehyde evolved during the curing process is collected on DNPH/Silica adsorbent tubes.

Author Information

Phillips, J
Environmental Quality Office, Ford Motor Company, Three Parklane Blvd., PWW Suite 950, Dearborn, MI
Patterson, J
Research and Advanced Engineering, Ford Motor Company, 2101 Village Rd., Dearborn, MI
Pages: 8
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Stock #: JTE11944
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE11944