Various packages (corrugated box, plastic crate, and bamboo basket) used for mango distribution were evaluated for their protective performance. After subject to packaging and transportation, the quality of mangoes (bruise incidence, bruise volume, weight loss, firmness, color, ethylene production, and respiration rates) was determined. Different cushioning methods (foam net and paper wrap) were also evaluated for their effectiveness in protecting the fruits from mechanical damage during distribution. All types of cushioning materials tested reduced the amount of bruising. Corrugated box with foam net provided the best protection as compared to all other types of packaging tested. Mangoes packaged in bamboo baskets showed the highest mechanical damage and weight loss. Bruise volume during storage is highly correlated with bruise incidence after transportation and can be used to classify the market value of mangoes. Economic comparison of various packaging systems was also studied. The information from this study can be used for selecting proper packaging to reduce mechanical damage of mangoes and other sensitive tropical fruits during distribution.
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