Journal Published Online: 01 July 1994
Volume 22, Issue 4

Objective Evaluation of Surface Characteristics to Determine Smoothness of Pile Fabrics



Measurements of surface characteristics of pile fabrics by various methods to determine surface smoothness is reported. It is demonstrated that the number of peaks detected by methods using a roller, stylus, and friction traces is the best indicator of fabric smoothness. A negative correlation between this quantity and smoothness suggests that fabrics that yield more peaks are likely to be smoother than those with fewer peaks. This also agrees broadly with the results of friction measurement, lateral air flow, and microscopic measurements. Subjectively, judges found fabrics readily identifiable, but finding the right descriptive adjective for these differences remains a problem.

Author Information

Ajayi, JO
Fiber and Textile Research Unit, Glasgow, Scotland Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University, Chemistry Program, Bauchi, Nigeria
Elder, HM
Fiber and Textile Research Unit, Glasgow, Scotland
Pages: 9
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JTE11850J
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE11850J