Specimens of 1100, 5454, and 6061 aluminum alloys were examined after failure in creep rupture tests of up to 20 000 h duration. No microstructural changes occurred in 1100-O and 5454-O alloys during testing other than slight grain growth at the highest test temperatures. Such growth had only a small effect on creep-rupture properties. Cold-worked alloys 1100-H14 and 5454-H34 were unstable during creep, passing through stages of recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. These changes invalidate extrapolation of short-time data. The precipitation-hardened 6061 alloy underwent drastic changes in microstructure during testing, from thin needle-shaped precipitates to larger β′ rods to coarse β-Mg2Si plates. These changes produced several different slopes in the log stress-log rupture time plots and long-time rupture stresses considerably below those predicted by extrapolation.
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