Journal Published Online: 01 March 1997
Volume 25, Issue 2

Effects of Surface Geometry on Fabric Friction



The influence of yarn geometry on surface topography, friction, and smoothness of fabrics is reported. A systematic increase in fabric construction (threads per cm) increases frictional resistance but the fabric surface becomes smoother. This is attributed to the diminishing crown height as yarn sett increases. Similarly, an increase in yarn linear density (diameter) also increases the frictional resistance and surface roughness. The increase in surface roughness is ascribed to an increase in mechanical interlocking of yarn crowns.

Author Information

Ajayi, JO
University of Strathclyde, Glasgow
Elder, HM
University of Strathclyde, Glasgow
Pages: 7
Price: $25.00
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Stock #: JTE11476J
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE11476J