In this study, various fatigue criteria for indirect tensile (IDT) fatigue tests were evaluated and a new approach to identify the fatigue failure was proposed based on a crack-length criterion. The IDT fatigue tests were conducted to characterize the fatigue behavior of various asphalt mixtures, such as three warm mix asphalt mixtures and a polymer-modified asphalt mixture. During the IDT tests, digital cameras were mounted to monitor crack growth on the both faces of a specimen. Existing three fatigue failure criteria were evaluated regarding to fatigue-crack development. Then, a crack-length limit was proposed as a fatigue criterion. The IDT strength tests were also conducted to determine fracture energy of the mixtures. Based on the new fatigue criterion, a fatigue performance model was constituted with dissipated and fracture energy parameters. The fatigue model proposed in this study successfully predicted the fatigue lives of the mixtures with a high level of accuracy. The main advantage of this fatigue model is that it does not need a transfer function to convert the fatigue life to crack length or area, because fatigue-crack length is directly determined from the crack-length limit.
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