Journal Published Online: 01 May 1988
Volume 16, Issue 3

Strain Gage Analysis of Residual Stress in Plastic Pipes



Residual stress distribution in medium density polyethylene (MDPE) 102 mm (4 in.) pipe with 11.1 mm wall thickness is evaluated using three different procedures. A modified layer removal procedure is employed to evaluate the residual stress component in the longitudinal direction as a function of the pipe wall thickness. On the other hand, the residual stress distribution in the circumferential direction is estimated using the conventional ring slitting method. A strain gage technique for direct residual strain measurements is described. The results obtained from the three procedures in a given direction are in qualitative agreements. A tensile residual stress dominates about 24% of the inner section of the pipe wall. The residual stress then becomes compressive reaching its maximum value at the outermost layer.

The stress values obtained from the first two techniques appear unrealistically excessive. On the other hand, those obtained from direct strain measurements appear reasonable as indicated by recent crack propagation studies in the specimens prepared from the same pipe sample.

Author Information

Chaoui, K
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
Moet, A
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
Chudnovsky, A
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
Pages: 5
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JTE10380J
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE10380J