Journal Published Online: 01 October 2006
Volume 35, Issue 3

Short-Beam-Shear Testing of Composite Rings With Variable Cross Section as Representative for Full-scale Delamination



Carbon fiber reinforced/epoxy (CFR-E) rings are used as radial reinforcement for polymer bearing elements with diameter 249 mm, functioning under 150-MPa contact pressure. Full-scale loading revealed shear failure caused by a critical radial-axial shear stress. This stress, acting in a section of the CFR-E ring under nonhydrostatic conditions, should be representatively simulated on small-scale short-beam-shear tests. Finite element analysis will be used for verification of a small-scale stress failure criterion. A standard sample geometry could not be applied as the reinforcing ring contains machined edges leading to stress concentrations. A nonhydrostatic stress condition similar to full-scale tests should be simulated in the center of the small-scale beam. Therefore, the effects of various loading conditions and testing parameters such as cross-sectional geometry, beam support and span, beam curvature, and convex/concave loading are investigated. It is concluded that curved beams are preferred over flat geometries and convex loading is preferred above concave loading since it induces a nonhydrostatic stress situation identical to full-scale tests. During small-scale testing of nonrectangular ring sections, an asymmetric stress distribution near the machined edge is representatively simulated. Experimental short-beam-shear tests confirm the influence of the test geometry and a 27-kN equivalent normal load is required for avoiding fulls-cale fracture.

Author Information

Samyn, P
Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Van Schepdael, L
Solico BV, Oosterhout, The Netherlands
Leendertz, JS
Public Works and Water Management, Zoetermeer, The Netherlands
Van Paepegem, W
Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
De Baets, P
Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Degrieck, J
Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Pages: 11
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Stock #: JTE100089
ISSN: 0090-3973
DOI: 10.1520/JTE100089