Allele frequencies for Y-specific short tandem repeat (STR) locus DXYS156 was determined for 120 male individuals from India. DXYS156 locus maps to the short arm of the Y-chromosome (Yp) and consists of a pentanucleotide repeat (TAAAA)n. The samples used for the present study belonged to four endogamous population groups: Konkanastha Brahmins, Marathas, Ezhavas and Nairs. The former two populations belonged to the western region while the latter two groups are from the southwestern region of India.
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