Journal Published Online: 01 January 2003
Volume 48, Issue 1

Reliability and Validity of Eight Dental Age Estimation Methods for Adults



This paper evaluates the reliability and validity of eight published dental age estimation methods for adults that may aid in victim identification. Age was calculated on 20 Caucasian teeth of known age according to the methods of Kvaal (for in situ and extracted teeth), Solheim (for in situ and sectioned teeth), Lamendin (for extracted teeth), Johanson (for sectioned teeth) and Bang (for extracted and sectioned teeth) by one independent observer. For each method, mean age error and standard error were assessed as the measures of accuracy and precision. In addition, method simplicity, requirements for tooth preparation and the equipment necessary were assessed and recommendations given for forensic use in various situations. Methods for sectioned teeth gave more reliable results when compared to methods for intact teeth.

Author Information

Soomer, H
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Ranta, H
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Lincoln, MJ
Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah
Penttila, A
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Leibur, E
University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Pages: 4
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Stock #: JFS2002253
ISSN: 0022-1198
DOI: 10.1520/JFS2002253