Journal Published Online: 01 March 2001
Volume 46, Issue 2

Multiple-Probe Thermography for Estimating the Postmortem Interval: II. Practical Versions of the Triple-Exponential Formulae (TEF) for Estimating the Time of Death in the Field



A simple, reliable, and relatively accurate method for estimating the time since death is described. It is based on the Triple-Exponential Formulae (TEF), which are devised for the first time in this study. The postmortem cooling rate of the brain, liver, and rectum in 117 forensic cases were investigated (Part I). The method can be used in the field as a computer program, reference graph, or reference chart-ruler. The program is simple and can easily be run by any user. There are six reference graphs representing the average brain, liver, and rectal cooling curves for naked and covered body groups. The ruler is designed for the rectal cooling curves for covered and naked bodies. This method requires one temperature measurement of the chosen body site and the environment. The postmortem interval is estimated as a probable value ± a possible range of time estimates with a built-in confidence limit.

Author Information

Al-Alousi, LM
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Anderson, RA
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Worster, DM
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Land, DD
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Pages: 5
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JFS14965J
ISSN: 0022-1198
DOI: 10.1520/JFS14965J