Journal Published Online: 01 July 1999
Volume 44, Issue 4

Practical Implications of Charge Transport Model for Electrostatic Detection Apparatus (ESDA)



The practical implications are described for a previously reported charge transport model of the electrostatic detection apparatus [Seward GH. J Appl Phys 1998;83(3):1450–6]. Several steps within the ESDA process are theoretically evaluated by the model: humidification of specimen, duration of charging, and duration of discharge prior to application of toner. Recommendations for improved sensitivity are derived from the theoretical models as well as experimental observations.

Author Information

Seward, GH
IISI Corporation, North Billerica, Massachusetts
Pages: 5
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: JFS14560J
ISSN: 0022-1198
DOI: 10.1520/JFS14560J