Calibration chambers are experimental apparatuses that allow the physical modeling of an in situ testing method, such as the cone penetration test (CPT), by performing laboratory experiments on soil samples with known stress, strain, and density characteristics. Over a series of development and improvements, more recent calibration chambers and laboratory cone penetrometers have become compact and less laborious than their predecessors. This includes the focus of this study where a miniature cone penetration testing (MCPT) calibration chamber previously designed and used at Western University is upgraded to measure shear wave velocity (VS) and enable anisotropic consolidation of soil specimens using a hydraulic piston. In addition to VS, MCPT can also measure cone tip resistance, sleeve friction, and excess pore water pressure developed behind the cone tip. A full test plan using the newly upgraded MCPT calibration chamber is presented in this study. These tests are performed on Fraser River sand at various relative densities and effective stresses. Results of this testing program are validated by comparison with a series of in situ seismic CPTs in the Fraser River delta, existing correlations between VS and cone tip resistance, and several other calibration chamber tests on different sands. Through these comparisons, the overall viability of the initial MCPT calibration chamber design, modifications made to the MCPT setup, and ultimately the results produced from this device are confirmed.
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