Journal Published Online: 20 February 2020
Volume 44, Issue 1

Horizontal Dynamic Cone Penetrometer: A New Device for Estimating Engineering Properties of Vertical Soil Wall in SP Soils



Despite the high performance of dynamic penetration tests such as dynamic cone penetrometer (DCP) for assessing the engineering properties of site materials, they are not efficient for vertical soil walls. To deal with this issue, an automatic portable time-saving horizontal dynamic cone penetrometer (HDCP) was invented in this study. A set of HDCP model tests were performed on the Tehran young alluvial sediments at different depths and various relative densities, which indicated the high repeatability of the developed equipment with the coefficient of variation (COV) ranging from 7 to 16 %. Multiple correlations were developed between the HDCP output, i.e., dynamic penetration index (DPI), and the parameters including relative density, Young’s modulus, shear modulus, subgrade reaction coefficient, ultimate bearing capacity, and internal friction angle. The results revealed that the equations had a high coefficient of determination (R2 ≈ 0.9). In addition, to compare the results of HDCP with standard DCP, a DCP test with a 4-kg hammer under the same conditions as those of HDCP was performed to provide an energy level equivalent to that of HDCP (about 21 J). As a result, a relationship between HDCP and standard DCP was obtained using the energy ratio of the standard DCP to DCP4kg. Considering the obtained high coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.95) between HDCP and DCP indices, the HDCP index can be converted to DCP index. So, the proposed DCP-based equations can be used for evaluating the engineering parameters of vertical soil walls with different materials.

Author Information

Malek, G.
Department of Engineering Geology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Khamehchiyan, M.
Department of Engineering Geology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Nikoudel, M. R.
Department of Engineering Geology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Harsini, K. Moradi
Zamin Ph.P Co., Unit 11, Tehran, Iran
Pages: 25
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: GTJ20180319
ISSN: 0149-6115
DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20180319