Journal Published Online: 30 April 2015
Volume 38, Issue 4

Moisture-Density-Strength-Energy Relationships for Gyratory Compacted Geomaterials



Laboratory Proctor and vibratory table compaction tests are commonly used to determine moisture-density-compaction energy relationships for soils and are typically limited to one or two compaction energy curves. They do not, however, provide shear strength or stiffness parameters that are commonly used in design and with performance-based specifications. In this study, a gyratory compactor equipped with a pressure distribution analyzer (PDA) was used to rapidly develop moisture-density-shear resistance-compaction energy relationships. Because the PDA equipment involves sensors, data acquisition, and interpretation, repeatability and reproducibility tests were conducted and evaluated using two-way analysis of variance. A wide range of geomaterials was tested: silica sand, crushed limestone sub-base, recycled pavement materials sub-base, and coal combustion products. Comparisons between the gyratory PDA test and conventional laboratory compaction tests and factors affecting the moisture-density-strength-energy relationships were discussed.

Author Information

Li, Cheng
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, US
White, David
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, US
Vennapusa, Pavana
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, US
Pages: 13
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: GTJ20140159
ISSN: 0149-6115
DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20140159