Journal Published Online: 24 November 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1

Small-Strain Shear Modulus and Strength Increase of Cement-Treated Clay



A simple nondestructive technique was used as an alternative method to monitor the hardening of cement-treated clay as a function of time. The principle of this monitoring technique is based on the use of bender elements to measure the small-strain shear modulus (G0) at various time intervals. The strength increase was monitored by conventional unconfined compression testing. Experimental work was carried out on Kaolin clay treated with Portland cement and blast furnace slag cement at different dosages. The results showed that G0, as well as strength, of cement-treated samples increases logarithmically with time. However, blast furnace slag cement produces a slower hardening rate early after mixing. It was found that for each binder type, the G0 increase and the strength increase, when normalized, follow a common trend. Such a hardening function may be used as the basis of a strength prediction rule. The functions obtained are in good agreement with data on other cement-treated inorganic clays published in the literature.

Author Information

Flores, R.
Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent Univ., Zwijnaarde, Belgium
Di Emidio, G.
Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent Univ., Zwijnaarde, Belgium
Van Impe, W.
Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent Univ., Zwijnaarde, Belgium
Pages: 10
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Stock #: GTJ102354
ISSN: 0149-6115
DOI: 10.1520/GTJ102354