Standard Active Last Updated: Mar 16, 2023 Track Document
ASTM G224-23

Standard Practice for Operating UVC Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Materials

Standard Practice for Operating UVC Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Materials G0224-23 ASTM|G0224-23|en-US Standard Practice for Operating UVC Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Materials Standard new BOS Vol. 14.04 Committee G03
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Significance and Use

5.1 Material resistance to photodegradation caused by exposure to artificial UVC light sources is a growing concern due to the use of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) to mitigate the spread of infectious diseases.

5.2 Materials and products intended for direct sunlight exposure are typically designed to resist the effects of the UVA and UVB light reaching the earth’s surface, but generally they are not tested to determine the effects of exposure to UVC, which is filtered out by the atmosphere.

5.3 Compared to light in the UVA and UVB regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, UVC light, when absorbed by a material, can cause photodegradation to proceed at different rates and by different mechanisms as well as confining degradation to a thinner surface layer.

5.4 Indoor materials and products, which typically are not designed to withstand significant ultraviolet light exposure, are at even greater risk of premature degradation when subjected to UVC exposure.

5.5 This practice is intended to induce property changes consistent with those experienced by materials exposed to artificial UVC light sources with a similar spectral irradiance distribution to those specified in this practice.


1.1 This practice is limited to the basic principles for operating a low-pressure mercury lamp apparatus to assess degradation of materials due to exposure to UVC light; on its own, it does not deliver a specific result.

1.2 It is intended to be used in conjunction with a practice or method that defines specific exposure conditions for an application along with a means to evaluate changes in material properties. This practice is intended to reproduce the photodegradation effects that occur when materials are exposed to artificial light sources that emit radiation primarily in the UVC wavelength band, particularly in the range of 240 nm to 280 nm. This practice is limited to the procedures for obtaining, measuring, and controlling conditions of exposure.

Note 1: Practice G151 describes general procedures to be used when exposing materials in accelerated test devices that use laboratory light sources.

Note 2: A common use of UVC light sources is for the disinfection of surfaces and air, a process known as ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI). Water disinfection applications using UVC light sources have been in use for many decades.

1.3 This practice does not cover other light sources (e.g. LEDs, excimer lamps, etc.) or any lamps that emit wavelengths primarily outside the range in 1.2.

1.4 Specimens are exposed to UVC light controlled to a specified irradiance level under controlled temperature conditions.

1.5 Specimen preparation and evaluation of the results are covered in ASTM methods or specifications for specific materials. General guidance is given in Practice G151.

1.6 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 14.04
Developed by Subcommittee: G03.03
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/G0224-23
ICS Code: 29.140.30