1.1 These requirements apply to devices that:
1.1.1 Sustain a flame over the fuel surface in an open reservoir;
1.1.2 Sustain a flame that does not require external ventilation to remove the combustion emissions, and are therefore ventless;
1.1.3 Burn a liquid, gelled, or otherwise non-solid fuel in an open reservoir or from a disposable, non-refillable, fuel container;
1.1.4 Have a fuel capacity of 2.5 L (0.67 gal) or less;
1.1.5 Have a power output of 1.47 kW (5000 BTU/h) or less;
1.1.6 Are intended to be easily carried or moved by hand; and
1.1.7 Are intended for indoor use, outdoor use, or both.
1.2 These requirements do not apply to devices that:
1.2.1 Are candles;
1.2.2 Are intended to cook or warm food;
1.2.3 Burn solid fuels, as determined by the test method described in Test Methods ; or
1.2.4 Do not have an open reservoir such as a refillable oil lamp, outdoor garden, or table torch intended to burn combustible fuel using a wick to sustain the flame (see ).
1.3 This specification prescribes minimum safety requirements for devices to help ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal use, thereby improving personal safety and reducing fires, deaths, and injuries.
1.4 This specification is not intended to replace other safety practices such as adult supervision, close monitoring of product when in use, and fire detection, alarm, or suppression systems.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be considered standard. The values in parentheses are explanatory or approximate information.
1.6 This specification is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat, flame, and forces under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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