This specification applies to the electrical systems, electrical equipment, and electrical power distribution aspects of airworthiness and design for aircraft with electric or hybrid-electric propulsion. Developed through open consensus of international experts in general aviation, this material focused on Normal Category Airplanes. The content may be more broadly applicable; it is the responsibility of the applicant to substantiate broader applicability as a specific means of compliance.
This specification establishes the Aircraft Type Code (ATC) compliance matrix based on certification level, number of engines, type of engine(s), stall speed, cruise speed, meteorological conditions, altitude, and maneuvers. An ATC is defined by taking into account both the technical considerations regarding the design of the aircraft and the airworthiness level established based upon risk-based criteria. Requirements for electrical systems for electric propulsion cover power source capacity and distribution, electrical systems and equipment, circuit protective devices, master switch arrangement, switches, electrical cables and equipment, electrical system fire protection, electronic equipment, and storage battery design and installation.
1.1 This specification covers the electrical systems, electrical equipment, and electrical power distribution aspects of airworthiness and design for aircraft with Electric or Hybrid-Electric Propulsion. This specification was written with the focus on electric propulsion systems with conventional system layout, characteristics, and operation. This specification does not address all of the requirements that may be necessary for possible hybrid-electric configurations where an EPU and a combustion engine are used in combination to provide propulsion. The use of this specification combined with the applicable portions of Specification may be necessary for hybrid-electric configurations. This material was developed through open consensus of international experts in general aviation. This material was created by focusing on Normal Category Aeroplanes. The content may be more broadly applicable; it is the responsibility of the applicant to substantiate broader applicability as a specific means of compliance.
1.2 An applicant intending to propose this information as a means of compliance for design approval shall seek guidance from their respective oversight authority (for example, published guidance from applicable CAAs) concerning the acceptable use and application thereof. For information on which oversight authorities have accepted this standard (in whole or in part) as a Means of Compliance to their regulatory requirements (Hereinafter referred to as “the Rules”), refer to ASTM F44 webpage (www.ASTM.org/COMMITTEE/F44.htm).
1.3 Units—This standard may present information in either SI units, English Engineering units, or both. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.