Significance and Use
3.1 This practice is applicable to the calculation of stresses seen on a femoral hip stem when loaded in a manner described in ISO 7206-4 (2010). This method can be used to establish the worst-case size for a particular implant. When stresses calculated using this practice were compared to the stresses measured from physical strain gauging techniques performed at two laboratories using two different methods, the results correlated to within 8 %.
3.2 This test method can be used to estimate the effects of design variables on the stress and strain of metallic hip femoral stems in a set-up mimicking that described in ISO 7206-4 (2010).
1.1 This practice establishes requirements and considerations for the numerical simulation of non-modular (that is, limited to monolithic stems with only a femoral head/trunnion taper interface) metallic orthopaedic hip stems using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) techniques for the estimation of stresses and strains. This standard is only applicable to stresses below the yield strength, as provided in the material certification.
1.2 Purpose—This practice establishes requirements and considerations for the development of finite element models to be used in the evaluation of non-modular metallic orthopaedic hip stem designs for the purpose of prediction of the static implant stresses and strains. This procedure can be used for worst-case assessment within a series of different sizes of the same implant design to reduce the physical test burden. Recommended procedures for performing model checks and verification are provided to help determine if the analysis follows recommended guidelines. Finally, the recommended content of an engineering report covering the mechanical simulation is presented.
1.3 Limits—This practice is limited in discussion to the static structural analysis of non-modular metallic orthopaedic hip stems (which excludes the prediction of fatigue strength).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.