Significance and Use
4.1 This practice is intended to apply to all translation projects regardless of the translation service provider selected (see Section ). This practice does not apply to spoken or signed interpreting services. For interpreting, please consult Practice , Practice for Language Interpreting.
4.2 Every translation project consists of three phases: pre-production, production, and post-production (see Section ). Needs and requirements vary from project to project, hence not all roles listed in the swim lane diagram provided in Section or all of the processes outlined in Sections and will be required necessarily in every project. Requesters should conduct a Needs Analysis (see Section ) to determine what type of translation is needed and to select a translation grade.
4.3 A translation project applying this practice shall develop specifications according to Section in the pre-production phase, follow those specifications during the production phase, and evaluate the translation project according to those specifications in the post-production phase.
4.4 The process of translation begins with source content in one language and results in the creation of a target text in another language. The aim of the process is to produce a target text (called the translation) that corresponds to the source content, according to specifications agreed upon in advance following the steps provided in Section .
4.5 This practice provides a list of parameters in Section that shall be addressed and documented in writing to obtain a set of specifications used to create and evaluate the translation. Specifications are defined in terms of the purpose of the translation and the needs and expectations of the requester and end user. There can be many correct translations, depending on the specifications defined for a given product and the choices made by the translation service provider.
1.1 This practice addresses only language translation and excludes language interpreting. (See Practice , Practice for Language Interpreting.)
1.2 This practice identifies factors relevant to each phase of a translation project (pre-production, production, and post-production). It is intended for use by all stakeholders who may have varying levels of knowledge in the field of translation.
1.3 This practice is designed to provide a framework for agreement on specifications for translation projects that will meet the needs and expectations of the end user.
1.4 This practice addresses the processes involved in professional translation services and does not provide specific translation quality metrics.
1.5 This practice covers various types of translation, including conventional translation and translation in localization and transcreation (see Section ).
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.