Significance and Use
4.1 Finite element analysis is a valuable tool for evaluating the performance of metallic stents and in estimating quantities such as stress, strain, and displacement due to applied external loads and boundary conditions. FEA of stents is frequently performed to determine the worst-case size for experimental fatigue (or durability) testing and differentiation of performance between designs. A finite element analysis is especially valuable in determining quantities that cannot be readily measured.
1.1 Purpose—This guide establishes recommendations and considerations for the development, verification, validation, and reporting of structural finite element models used in the evaluation of the performance of a metallic vascular stent design undergoing uniform radial loading. This standard guide does not directly apply to non-metallic or absorbable stents, though many aspects of it may be applicable. The purpose of a structural analysis of a stent is to determine quantities such as the displacements, stresses, and strains within a device resulting from external loading, such as crimping or during the catheter loading process, and in-vivo processes, such as expansion and pulsatile loading.
1.2 Limitations—The analysis technique discussed in this guide is restricted to structural analysis using the finite element method. This document provides specific guidance for verification and validation (V&V) of finite element (FE) models of vascular stents subjected to uniform radial loading using ASME V&V40 as the basis for developing and executing risk-informed V&V plans.
1.2.1 Users of this document are encouraged to read ASME V&V40 for an introduction to risk-informed V&V, and to read ASME V&V10 for further guidance on performing V&V of computational solid mechanics models. This document is not intended to cover all aspects of developing a finite element model of radial deformation of a stent. It is intended for a FE analyst with structural modeling experience.
1.2.2 While risk-informed V&V is encouraged, it is not required. Analysts may utilize alternate V&V methods. The methodology employed should be developed by knowledgeable stakeholders with consideration as to the expectations and requirements of internal teams and external bodies that will assess the performance of the stent and the credibility of the model used to make performance predictions.
1.2.3 If an alternative V&V method is employed, then Sections , , , and that follow ASME V&V40 guidelines may be viewed as suggestions only. Other portions of the document that refer to question of interest, risk, and context of use may be viewed in the same manner.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for informational purposes only.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.