Standard Active Last Updated: May 30, 2024 Track Document
ASTM F2291-24

Standard Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

Standard Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices F2291-24 ASTM|F2291-24|en-US Standard Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices Standard new BOS Vol. 15.07 Committee F24
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Significance and Use

4.1 The purpose of this practice is to provide designers, engineers, manufacturers, owners, and operators with criteria and references for use in designing amusement rides and devices or a major modification for amusement rides or devices.

4.2 All relevant sections of this standard apply to the design and any design modifications of an amusement ride or device. It is permissible to exclude non-relevant sections of this standard.

Note 1: As an example, if an amusement ride does not have any pneumatic systems or components, Section 10 would not be relevant and could be excluded. If the example amusement ride was modified to include pneumatic systems or components, Section 10 would be relevant and no longer could be excluded.

4.3 It is acceptable for other ASTM standards under the jurisdiction of committee F24 to reference this standard in its entirety or to exclusively reference specific sections within the standard.

Scope

1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the design of amusement rides, devices and major modifications to amusement rides and devices manufactured after the effective date of publication except as noted in 1.2.

1.2 This practice in its entirety shall not apply to the following:

1.2.1 Playground equipment designed to comply with Performance Specification F2373 or F1487;

1.2.2 Climbing walls designed to comply with published, industry recognized climbing wall standards;

1.2.3 Soft play equipment designed to comply with Performance Specification F1918;

1.2.4 Reserved;

1.2.5 Rides that are activated by a patron, deactivate automatically, do not require a restraint or restraints, and do not require the supervision or services of a trained operator to mitigate operational risks (examples: simple coin operated rides and arcade games with motion components);

1.2.6 Reserved;

1.2.7 Amusement rides and devices whose design criteria are specifically addressed in another ASTM standard under the jurisdiction of committee F24;

1.2.8 Portions of an amusement ride or device unaffected by a major modification;

1.2.9 Upgrades to electrical wiring, electrical motors and electrical components of amusement rides and devices provided the original design and safety criteria are maintained or enhanced; and

1.2.10 Pre-existing designs manufactured after the effective date of publication of this practice if the design is service proven or previously compliant and the manufacturer provides:

1.2.10.1 A historical summary of the amusement ride, device or major modification, and

1.2.10.2 A statement that the design is service proven or previously compliant as specified by Section 3.

1.2.10.3 Amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices have the potential to qualify as “previously compliant” for five years following the date of publication of this practice. Thereafter, amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices must qualify as “service proven” or meet the requirements of this practice.

1.3 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

1.4 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth.) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

1.5 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6 This standard includes the following sections:

Scope

Section 1

Referenced Documents

Section 2

Terminology

Section 3

Significance and Use

Section 4

General Design Criteria

Section 5

Patron Restraint, Clearance Envelope, and Containment Design Criteria

Section 6

Acceleration Limits

Section 7

Loads and Strengths

Section 8

Hydraulic Equipment for Amusement Ride and Devices

Section 9

Pneumatic Systems and Components

Section 10

Safety Related Control Systems

Section 11

Electrical Requirements

Section 12

Mechanical System and Components

Section 13

Fencing, Guardrails, Handrails, Gates, and Walkways for Amusement Rides and Devices

Section 14

Welding

Section 15

Fasteners

Section 16

Operator Controls

Section 17

Documentation

Section 18

Coatings

Section 19

Fall Protection

Section 20

Sanitation/Disinfection

Section 21

Keywords

Section 22

Loads and Strengths

Annex A1

Patron Restraint, Clearance Envelope, and Containment Design Criteria

Appendix X1

Acceleration Limits

Appendix X2

Degradation Due to Environmental Conditions

Appendix X3

Electrical Requirements

Appendix X4

Mechanical Systems and Components

Appendix X5

Fencing, Guardrails, and Handrails for Amusement Rides and Devices

Appendix X6

Supervising Companion and Clearance Envelope

Appendix X7

Riders Under 48 in. (1.22 m)

Appendix X8

Load/Unload Area Hazard Mitigation Strategies

Appendix X9

Other Acceptable Fall Protection Configurations (14.8)

Appendix X10

Impact Events

Appendix X11

Loads and Strengths

Appendix X12

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Details
Book of Standards Volume: 15.07
Developed by Subcommittee: F24.24
Pages: 70
DOI: 10.1520/F2291-24
ICS Code: 97.200.50