Standard Historical Last Updated: Jun 08, 2022
ASTM F2156-17

Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Distortion in Transparent Parts Using Grid Line Slope

Significance and Use

5.1 Transparent parts, such as aircraft windshields, canopies, cabin windows, and visors, shall be measured for compliance with optical distortion specifications using this test method. This test method is suitable for assessing optical distortion of transparent parts as it relates to the visual perception of distortion. It is not suitable for assessing distortion as it relates to pure angular deviation of light as it passes through the part. Either Test Method F801 or Practice F733 is appropriate and shall be used for this latter application. This test method is not recommended for raw material.


1.1 When an observer looks through an aerospace transparency, relative optical distortion results, specifically in thick, highly angled, multilayered plastic parts. Distortion occurs in all transparencies but is especially critical to aerospace applications such as combat and commercial aircraft windscreens, canopies, or cabin windows. This is especially true during operations such as takeoff, landing, and aerial refueling. It is critical to be able to quantify optical distortion for procurement activities.

1.2 This test method covers the apparatus and procedures that are suitable for measuring the grid line slope (GLS) of transparent parts, including those that are small or large, thin or thick, flat or curved, or already installed. This test method is not recommended for raw material.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3.1 Exception—The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.03
Developed by Subcommittee: F07.08
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.1520/F2156-17
ICS Code: 49.035