Significance and Use
Practice A, Surface Heatsealability—This practice leads to determining the heatsealability of a surface, or sealant layer if there is one, as a function of interface temperature, free of the influence of other web properties. Commercially, its applications are in development of improved polymers and blends to be used as the sealant layer in coextruded films and laminated and coated web constructions. Also it is the appropriate method for quality control in manufacture of those films and laminations, since a QC test should be affected by the property being tested for, for example, heatsealability of the surface, and, so far as possible, not by other properties of the web, for example, total thickness, that are measured independently by other methods.
Note 2—Sealant-layer thickness may affect surface heatsealability.
Practice B, Web Sealability—While it is necessary to have a heatseal surface layer that has adequate seal strength for the application, the web also will have a specific construction and total thickness, both chosen to satisfy requirements other than heatsealability. Practice B compares specific web constructions for their suitability for applications where the dwell time may be too short for the sealing interface to reach jaw temperature. With this test method, both web construction and thickness, in addition to properties of the sealant layer, affect sealing performance. If the rate of heat transfer through the web due to its construction or total thickness is too slow for the production rate required, it may be necessary to use a sealant layer with a lower seal-inception temperature or fusion temperature.
1.1 These practices cover laboratory preparation of heatseals and the treatment and evaluation of heatseal strength data for the purpose of determining heatsealability of flexible barrier materials.
1.2 Testing strength or other properties of the heatseals formed by these practices is not included in this standard. Refer to Test Methods F88 for testing heatseal strength.
1.3 The practices of this standard are restricted to sealing with a machine employing hot-bar jaws. Impulse, high-frequency, and ultrasonic heating methods are not included.
1.4 These practices apply primarily to webs intended to be used on commercial machines employing reciprocating sealing jaws, such as most vertical form-fill packaging machines, platen heatsealers, etc. Conditions of dwell time and sealing pressure on machines of this type typically are different from those on rotary machines by an order of magnitude or more.
1.5 The procedures of these practices with respect to choice of heatsealing conditions apply equally whether the application is to ultimate seal strength or hot tack measurement.
1.6 Seals may be made between webs of the same or dissimilar materials. The individual webs may be homogeneous in structure or multilayered (coextruded, coated, laminated, etc.).
1.7 Strength of the heatseal is the criterion for judging heatsealability employed in these practices.
1.8 Determination of heatsealability as judged by seal continuity, typically measured by air-leak, dye penetration, visual examination, microorganism penetration or other techniques, are not covered by these practices.
1.9 Two variations of the heatsealing procedure are described herein, differing in whether the objective of the testing is to determine, the heatsealability of the surface, or how well the entire web would heatseal in applications where the sealing interface may not reach jaw temperature.