Standard Withdrawn, No replacement   Last Updated: Jul 12, 2016
ASTM F1557-94(2007)

Standard Guide for Full Body Spinal Immobilization Devices (FBSID) Characteristics (Withdrawn 2016)

Significance and Use

The intent of this guide is to identify characteristics which a FBSID shall possess.

It is not expected that the FBSID will be used alone to provide the entire scope of required immobilization. Clinical situations may require differing combinations of devices for adequate total spinal immobilization. A FBSID may be one of the devices.

A device intended for use with adult patients shall accommodate the 95th percentile adult American male.

Devices that are labeled as intended for pediatric use shall not be required to accommodate an adult.

The device shall be able to be used by the practitioner in an ergonomically sound manner.


1.1 This guide establishes minimum standards for devices, designated here as full body spinal immobilization device(s) (FBSID), commonly known as long boards. The FBSID is designed to be used as the base structure for immobilization and transport of a patient with potential spine or spinal cord injury by emergency medical service personnel.

1.2 This guide does not identify specific degrees of limitation of motion achieved by placement of a FBSID on a patient. Definitive requirements for immobilization of the spine, and, in particular, the degree of limitation associated with the use of a FBSID, have not been established in the medical literature.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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