Standard Historical Last Updated: Jul 24, 2015
ASTM F1556-94(2007)

Standard Guide for Spinal Immobilization and Extrication (SPINE) Device Characteristics

Significance and Use

The intent of this guide is to identify characteristics that a SPINED shall possess.

As opposed to a full body spinal immobilization device, the SPINED incorporates additional features that assist in the extrication of a victim from a confined space.

It is not expected that the SPINED will be used alone to provide the entire scope of required immobilization. Clinical situations may require differing combinations of devices for adequate total spinal immobilization. A SPINE device may be one of the devices.

A device intended for use with adult patients shall accommodate the 95th percentile adult American male.

Devices that are labeled as intended for pediatric use shall not be required to accommodate adult patients.

The device shall be able to be used by the practitioner in an ergonomically sound manner.


1.1 This guide covers minimum standards for devices, designated here as spinal immobilization and extrication device(s) (SPINED), commonly referred to as short spine board. The SPINED is designed to be used as the platform for immobilization and extrication of a patient with potential spine or spinal cord injury by emergency medical service personnel.

1.2 This guide does not identify specific degrees of limitation of motion achieved by placement of a SPINED on a patient. Definitive requirements for immobilization of the spine, and, in particular, the degree of limitation associated with the use of a SPINED, have not been established in the medical literature.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 13.02
Developed by Subcommittee: F30.01
Pages: 2
DOI: 10.1520/F1556-94R07
ICS Code: 11.160