1.1 This specification relates to possible hazards that may not be recognized readily by the public and that may be encountered in the normal use for which a toy is intended or after reasonably foreseeable abuse. It does not purport to cover every conceivable hazard of a particular toy. This specification does not cover product performance or quality, except as related to safety. Except for the labeling requirements pointing out the functional hazards and age range for which the toy is intended, this specification has no requirements for those aspects of a toy that present an inherent and recognized hazard as part of the function of the toy. Such an example is a sharp point necessary for the function of a needle. The needle is an inherent hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and this hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process.
1.2 On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of this specification.
1.3 This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.
1.4 Articles not covered by this specification are as follows:
Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts
Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not
primarily of play value
Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of
Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in
which the material itself or the finished item is not
primarily of play value, except that all art materials,
whether or not a component of a toy, must comply with
LHAMA, in accordance with 4.29.1-4.29.3.
Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment, mu-
sical instruments, and furniture; however, toys that are
their counterparts are covered. (It is recognized that
there is often a fine line between, for example, a musical
instrument or a sporting item and its toy counterpart.
The intention of the producer or distributor, as well as
normal use and reasonably foreseeable abuse, deter-
mines whether the item is a toy counterpart.)
Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land
vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are
1.5 General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.
1.6 Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2.
1.7 This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:
|Sound Producing Toys||4.5|
|Wires or Rods||4.10|
|Nails and Fasteners||4.11|
|Folding Mechanisms and Hinges||4.13|
|Cords and Elastics in Toys||4.14|
|Stability and Over-Load Requirements||4.15|
|Wheels, Tires, and Axles||4.17|
|Holes, Clearance, and Accessibility of Mechanisms||4.18|
|Simulated Protective Devices||4.19|
|Teethers and Teething Toys||4.22|
|Toys Intended to be Attached to a Crib|
|Stuffed and Beanbag-Type Toys||4.27|
|Stroller and Carriage Toys||4.28|
|Toy Gun Marking||4.30|
|Certain Toys with Spherical Ends||4.32|
|Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toys||4.37|
|Jaw Entrapment in Handles and Steering Wheels||4.39|
|Safety Labeling Requirements||5|
|Testing for Hazardous Substance Content||8.2|
|Method to Dissolve Soluble Matter||8.3|
|Tests for Cleanliness and Preservative Effectiveness||8.4|
|Normal Use Testing||8.5|
|Torque Tests for Removal of Components||8.8|
|Tension Test for Removal of Components||8.9|
|Tests for Tire Removal and Snap-in Wheel and|
|Axle Assembly Removal||8.11|
|Test for Mouth-Actuated Toys||8.13|
|Test for Stability of Ride-On Toys||8.15|
|Stalled Motor Test for Battery-Operated Toys||8.17|
|Tests for Battery-Powered Ride-On Toys||8.18|
|Tests for Toys which Produce Noise||8.19|
|Dynamic Strength Test for Wheeled Ride-On Toys||8.20|
|Packaging Film Thickness||8.21|
|Test for Loops and Cords||8.22|
|Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toy Test Methods||8.23|
|Magnet Test Methods||8.24|
|Test Methods for Locking Mechanisms or|
|Age Grading Guidelines||Annex A1|
|Packaging and Shipping||Annex A2|
|Design Guidelines for Toys Attached to Cribs|
|or Playpens||Annex A3|
|Flammability Testing Procedure for Solids and Soft Toys||Annex A4|
|Flammability Testing Procedure for Fabrics||Annex A5|
|Rationale for 2007 Revisions||Annex A6|
|Rationale for 2008 Revisions||Annex A7|
1.8 The values stated first are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.9 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.