Standard Active Last Updated: Jun 04, 2021
ASTM F320-21

Standard Test Method for Hail Impact Resistance of Aerospace Transparent Enclosures

Significance and Use

4.1 This test method shall be used to determine the hail impact resistance of windshields for acceptance, design, service, or research purposes. By using this method with the installed windshield angle and velocity of a specific aerospace vehicle, design allowables, criteria, and tolerances can be established for that vehicle's windshield.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of the impact resistance of an aerospace transparent enclosure (windshield, canopy, window, lens cover, etc.), hereinafter called windshield, during hailstorm conditions using simulated hailstones consisting of ice balls molded under tightly controlled conditions. This test shall also be used to meet hail test or performance requirements that are specified by design or contract.

1.2 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.03
Developed by Subcommittee: F07.08
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.1520/F0320-21
ICS Code: 49.045