Standard Active Last Updated: Sep 23, 2020
ASTM F140-98(2020)

Standard Practice for Making Reference Glass-Metal Butt Seals and Testing for Expansion Characteristics by Polarimetric Methods

Significance and Use

4.1 The term “reference” as employed in this practice implies that either the glass or the metal of the reference glass-metal seal will be a “standard reference material” such as those supplied for other physical tests by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), or a secondary reference material whose sealing characteristics have been determined by seals to a standard reference material (see NIST SP 260). Until standard reference materials for seals are established by the NIST, secondary reference materials may be agreed upon between manufacturer and purchaser.


1.1 This practice covers the preparation and testing of reference glass-metal butt seals of two general configurations, one applicable to determining stress in the glass and the other applicable to determining the degree of mismatch of thermal expansion (or contraction). Tests are in accordance with Test Method F218, Subsection 1.1.

1.2 This practice applies to all glass and metal (or alloy) combinations normally sealed together in the production of electronic components. It should not be attempted with glass-metal combinations having widely divergent thermal expansion (or contraction) properties.

1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.02
Developed by Subcommittee: C14.04
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/F0140-98R20
ICS Code: 21.140