Significance and Use
5.1 This guide is intended for use by communities, which may include towns, incorporated cities, counties, or similar entities with the authority to convene and implement resilience planning. The process described in this guide may have applications to a broader set of users, such as those described in Guide .
5.2 This guide is intended to be applied at a community or regional geographical and administrative scale. Smaller geographic and administrative scales, such as neighborhood scales, may also use this guide; however, there may be limitations in the range of solutions (see Step 4B) that are available due to statutory, regulatory, financial, or administrative constraints caused by limitations in governance bodies.
5.3 This guide provides an analytical framework for establishing desired versus current anticipated performance in terms of time to recovery of function for clusters and infrastructure systems. The output of this analytical framework provides an objective basis for establishing priorities among proposed strategies and solutions to help meet community resilience goals.
5.4 The planning and analytical process can be applied to any hazard, though the focus is on natural hazards. Steps 1 and 2 (form a collaborative planning team and understand the situation) do not require the use of hazard information and provide useful information for communities that can be incorporated into a resilience plan. The activities described in Steps 3 and 4 (determine goals and objectives, and develop the plan) require technical information about hazards and an assessment of their impact on community systems.
5.5 This guide provides a planning process that emphasizes disaster recovery outcomes. However, all phases of preparedness, including prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery, are important to the successful achievement of disaster recovery objectives. The analytical outputs of this guide should inform all phases of preparedness and provide an objective approach to prioritize pre-event mitigation action.
5.6 The steps of this guide, presented in Section , are best initiated in the order provided. However, with the exception of the formation of a collaborative planning team in Step 1 and implementation and reporting Steps 5 and 6, it is feasible to complete Steps 2 to 4 in a non-consecutive order. Depending on a community’s specific needs, timeline, resources, or technical capabilities, Steps 2 to 4 may occur in a different order than described in this guide. In Section , supplemental information that elaborates on how to implement each step and collaborative planning team flexibilities is provided in a discussion note following each step.
Note 1: The collaborative planning team provides the foundation for stakeholder engagement and input in subsequent steps, even if later steps are completed in a different order than what is described in this guide. Ideally, each step should be at least initiated to describe how the plan will eventually address all elements of resilience planning.
5.7 Resilience plans developed with the support of this guide should be compatible with, inform, and augment other hazard mitigation planning and comprehensive planning processes. It is compatible with the National Preparedness Goal, the National Infrastructure Protection Plan, and the National Disaster Recovery Framework, and should inform and be consistent with other state and local plans and priorities. In practice, this includes general plans, capital improvement programs, hazard mitigation, emergency response, recovery, economic development, and transportation plans.
1.1 This guide sets forth a flexible approach for communities to develop customized, comprehensive resilience plans for buildings and infrastructure systems that include input from relevant stakeholders; consider the social, economic, and physical systems of a community; establish community-scale performance goals that encourage recovery-oriented planning; and recommend processes to implement and maintain community resilience plans over time as community priorities evolve and change.
1.1.1 The social dimensions of a community should drive the requirements of a community’s resilience plans and the performance of its physical systems, especially during recovery. The identification of social functions is a fundamental element of developing community resilience plans that accurately reflect priorities for recovery after a hazard event.
1.2 The guide process steps address how to (1) form collaborative planning teams; (2) evaluate the current condition of social and built dimensions of a community; (3) determine community goals and objectives for built systems and hazards; (4) develop plans that address performance gaps and identify solutions; (5) prepare, review and approve final community resilience plans; and (6) implement and maintain resilience plans.
1.3 This guide provides a process that facilitates priority setting and decision making regarding the establishment of community resilience goals and associated solutions. The process provides a framework for community resilience planning needs and is not intended to be prescriptive.
1.4 Limitations of Guide—This guide does not advocate or specify any particular analytical methodology for ascertaining the performance of the built environment. This guide also does not directly address the effects of climate change, although the planning process can incorporate such events and impacts. (For additional information on these processes to address climate resilience planning, refer to Guide .) This guide addresses buildings and infrastructure systems and how they support the social dimensions of communities, and considers how the elements of the built environment support social and economic community functions. The application of this guide is intended to support community resilience planning efforts across a community’s interdependent building and infrastructure systems. Applications beyond this scope were not considered in the development of this guide.
1.5 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.