Standard Active Last Updated: May 17, 2024 Track Document
ASTM E1690-24

Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol Extractives in Biomass

Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol Extractives in Biomass E1690-24 ASTM|E1690-24|en-US Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol Extractives in Biomass Standard new BOS Vol. 05.06 Committee E48
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Significance and Use

4.1 Ethanol extractives are any materials found in biomass that are soluble in ethanol. They are not considered to be part of the structural components of biomass and should be removed prior to any chemical analysis of the sample. The prolonged extraction removes nonstructural materials that can include waxes, fats, resins, tannins, gums, sugars, starches, and pigments. Removing hydrophobic materials from the biomass makes it easier to wet the material for the analysis of structural components in the biomass.

4.2 This test method yields results comparable to Test Method D1107.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of ethanol soluble extractives, expressed as a percentage of the oven-dried biomass, of hard and soft woods, herbaceous materials (such as switchgrass and sericea), agricultural residues (such as corn stover, wheat straw, and bagasse), and wastepaper (such as office waste, boxboard, and newsprint). All results are reported relative to the mass of the oven-dried solids of the sample.

Note 1: This test method may not be suitable for hard and soft wood samples that include bark or those with more than 10% extractable materials.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.06
Developed by Subcommittee: E48.05
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/E1690-24
ICS Code: 65.040.20