Significance and Use
4.1 Shredder explosions have occurred in most refuse processing plants with shredding facilities. Lessons learned in these incidents have been incorporated into this practice along with results of relevant test programs and general industrial explosion protection recommended practices. Recommendations in this practice cover explosion protection aspects of the design and operation of shredding facilities and equipment used therein.
4.2 This practice is not intended to be a substitute for an operating manual or a detailed set of design specifications. Rather, it represents general principles and guidelines to be addressed in detail in generating the operating manual and design specifications.
1.1 This practice covers general recommended design features and operating practices for shredder explosion protection in resource recovery plants and other refuse processing facilities.
1.2 Hammermills and other types of size reduction equipment (collectively termed shredders) are employed at many facilities that mechanically process solid wastes for resource recovery. Flammable or explosive materials (for example, gases, vapors, powders, and commercial and military explosives) may be present in the as-received waste stream. There is potential for these materials to be released, dispersed, and ignited within or near a shredder. Therefore, explosion prevention and damage amelioration provisions are required.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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