Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 05, 2017 Track Document
ASTM E1165-12

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging E1165-12 ASTM|E1165-12|en-US Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging Standard new BOS Vol. 03.03 Committee E07
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Significance and Use

One of the factors affecting the quality of radiologic images is the geometric unsharpness. The degree of geometric unsharpness is dependent on the focal spot size of the radiation source, the distance between the source and the object to be radiographed, and the distance between the object to be radiographed and the detector (imaging plate, Digital Detector Array (DDA) or film). This test method allows the user to determine the effective focal size of the X-ray source. This result may then be used to establish source to object and object to detector distances appropriate for maintaining the desired degree of geometric unsharpness and/or maximum magnification for a given radiographic imaging application. Some ASTM standards require this value for calculation of a required magnification, for example, E1255, E2033, and E2698.


1.1 The image quality and the resolution of X-ray images highly depend on the characteristics of the focal spot. The imaging qualities of the focal spot are based on its two dimensional intensity distribution as seen from the detector plane.

1.2 This test method provides instructions for determining the effective size (dimensions) of standard and mini focal spots of industrial x-ray tubes. This determination is based on the measurement of an image of a focal spot that has been radiographically recorded with a pinhole technique.

1.3 This standard specifies a method for the measurement of focal spot dimensions from 50 μm up to several mm of X-ray sources up to 1000 kV tube voltage. Smaller focal spots should be measured using EN 12543-5 using the projection of an edge.

1.4 This test method may also be used to determine the presence or extent of focal spot damage or deterioration that may have occurred due to tube age, tube overloading, and the like. This would entail the production of a focal spot radiograph (with the pinhole method) and an evaluation of the resultant image for pitting, cracking, and the like.

1.5 Values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 03.03
Developed by Subcommittee: E07.01
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.1520/E1165-12
ICS Code: 19.100