Significance and Use
5.1 This guide is intended to illustrate the fabrication of ultrasonic reference blocks that are representative of the production material to be examined. Care in material selection and fabrication can result in the manufacture of reference blocks that are ultrasonically similar to the production material thus eliminating the reference block as an examination variable.
1.1 This guide covers general procedures for the material selection and fabrication of reference blocks made of metal or metal alloys and intended to be used for the examination of the same or similar production materials by pulsed longitudinal ultrasonic waves applied perpendicular to the beam entry surface. Primary emphasis is on solid materials but some of the techniques described may be used for midwall examination of pipes and tubes of heavy wall thickness. Near-surface resolution in any material depends upon the characteristics of the instrument and search unit employed.
1.2 This guide covers the fabrication of reference blocks for use with either the immersion or the contact method of ultrasonic examination.
1.3 Reference blocks fabricated in accordance with this guide can be used to determine proper ultrasonic system operation. Area-amplitude and distance-amplitude curves can also be determined with these reference blocks.
1.4 This guide does not specify reference reflector sizes or product rejection limits. It does describe typical industry fabrication practices and commonly applied tolerances where they lend clarity to the guide. In all cases of conflict between this guide and customer specifications, the customer specification shall prevail.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.