Standard Active Last Updated: Apr 18, 2022 Track Document
ASTM E861-13(2021)

Standard Practice for Evaluating Thermal Insulation Materials for Use in Solar Collectors

Standard Practice for Evaluating Thermal Insulation Materials for Use in Solar Collectors E0861-13R21 ASTM|E0861-13R21|en-US Standard Practice for Evaluating Thermal Insulation Materials for Use in Solar Collectors Standard new BOS Vol. 12.02 Committee E44
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Significance and Use

5.1 The exposure conditions in solar collectors, especially under stagnation conditions, may degrade the performance of thermal insulation materials. This practice sets forth a methodology for evaluating the degree of degradation, if any, of the thermal insulation materials after exposure to simulated in-service conditions.

5.2 This practice is also intended to aid in the assessment of long-term performance by comparative testing of insulation materials. However, correlations between performance under laboratory and actual in-service conditions have not been established.

5.3 This practice also sets forth criteria that shall be considered in the selection and specification of thermal insulation materials. One such criterion is surface burning characteristics (Test Method E84), which is used by many code officials as a reference. This practice does not represent that the numerical values obtained in any way reflect the anticipated performance of the thermal insulation under actual fire conditions.


1.1 This practice sets forth a testing methodology for evaluating the properties of thermal insulation materials to be used in solar collectors with concentration ratios of less than 10. Tests are given herein to evaluate the pH, surface burning characteristics, moisture adsorption, water absorption, thermal resistance, linear shrinkage (or expansion), hot surface performance, and accelerated aging. This practice provides a test for surface burning characteristics but does not provide a methodology for determining combustibility performance of thermal insulation materials.

1.2 The tests shall apply to blanket, rigid board, loose-fill, and foam thermal insulation materials used in solar collectors. Other thermal insulation materials shall be tested in accordance with the provisions set forth herein and should not be excluded from consideration.

1.3 The assumption is made that elevated temperature, moisture, and applied stresses are the primary factors contributing to the degradation of thermal insulation materials used in solar collectors.

1.4 Solar radiation is not considered a contributing factor since insulating materials are not normally exposed to it.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 12.02
Developed by Subcommittee: E44.20
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/E0861-13R21
ICS Code: 27.160