Significance and Use
4.1 In neutron dosimetry, a fission or non-fission dosimeter, or combination of dosimeters, can be used for determining a fluence rate, fluence, or neutron spectrum in nuclear reactors. Each dosimeter is sensitive to a specific energy range, and, if desired, increased accuracy in a fluence-rate spectrum can be achieved by the use of several dosimeters each covering specific neutron energy ranges.
4.2 A wide variety of detector materials is used for various purposes. Many of these substances overlap in the energy of the neutrons which they will detect, but many different materials are used for a variety of reasons. These reasons include available analysis equipment, different cross sections for different fluence-rate levels and spectra, preferred chemical or physical properties, and, in the case of radiometric dosimeters, varying requirements for different half-life isotopes, possible interfering activities, and chemical separation requirements.
1.1 This guide covers the selection, design, irradiation, post-irradiation handling, and quality control of neutron dosimeters (sensors), thermal neutron shields, and capsules for reactor surveillance neutron dosimetry.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Values in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
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