Significance and Use
4.1 Personnel Qualification—Personnel utilizing reference radiographs to this standard shall be qualified to perform radiographic interpretation in accordance with a nationally or internationally recognized NDT personnel qualification practice or standard and certified by the employer or certifying agency, as applicable. The practice or standard used and its applicable revision shall be identified in the contractual agreement between the using parties. Personnel shall be authorized to perform radiographic interpretation by the employer. A certified Level III shall be available to assist with interpreting specifications and product requirements as applied to the reference radiographs (if the Level III is the radiographic interpreter, this may be the same person).
4.2 These reference radiographs, along with the referenced applicable steel casting standards (Reference Radiographs and ), are supplied as a means of establishing categories and severity levels of common internal discontinuity types in gray iron castings subjected to radiographic examination. They may be used in accordance with contractual specifications as agreed upon between purchaser and supplier.
4.3 The use of this standard is not intended to be restricted to the specific energy level or to the absolute thickness limits that are contained in this standard title. The title is intended to be descriptive and not restrictive. This document may be used, where there is no other applicable document, for other energy levels or thicknesses, or both, for which it is found to be applicable and for which agreement has been reached between purchaser and supplier.
1.1 These reference radiographs for gray iron castings consist of one set of illustrations of centerline shrinkage with severity levels 1 to 5 using three radiation source types as follows:
1.1.1 Volume I: Medium Voltage (Nominal 250 kVp) X-ray Reference Radiographs—Set of 5 severity levels in a 15 by 17 in. folder.
1.1.2 Volume II: Iridium-192 Reference Radiographs—Set of 5 severity levels in a 15 by 17 in. folder.
1.1.3 Volume III: Cobalt-60 Reference Radiographs—Set of 5 severity levels in a 15 by 17 in. folder.
Note 1: The reference radiograph films are an adjunct to this document and must be purchased separately from ASTM International if needed.
1.2 From time to time, there may be minor changes to the process for manufacturing of the reference radiograph adjunct materials. These changes could include changes in the films or processing chemicals used, changes in the dies or printing for the cardboard mats, etc.; however, in all cases, these changes are reviewed by the Illustration Monitoring Subcommittee and all reference radiographs are reviewed against a fixed prototype image to ensure that there are no changes to the acceptance level represented by the reference radiographs. Therefore, the adjunct reference radiographs remain valid for use with this standard regardless of the date of production or the revision level of the text standard.
1.3 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.