Standard Active Last Updated: Dec 13, 2022
ASTM E751/E751M-17(2022)

Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring During Resistance Spot-Welding

Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring During Resistance Spot-Welding
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Significance and Use

5.1 The AE produced during the production of a spot-weld can be related to weld quality parameters such as the strength and size of the nugget, the amount of expulsion, and the amount of cracking. Therefore, in-process AE monitoring can be used both as an examination method, and as a means for providing feedback control.


1.1 This practice describes procedures for the measurement, processing, and interpretation of the acoustic emission (AE) response associated with selected stages of the resistance spot-welding process.

1.2 This practice also provides recommendations for feedback control by utilizing the measured AE response signals during the spot-welding process.

1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 03.03
Developed by Subcommittee: E07.04
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/E0751_E0751M-17R22
ICS Code: 17.140.20; 25.160.10