Standard Active Last Updated: Jul 06, 2022
ASTM E432-91(2022)

Standard Guide for Selection of a Leak Testing Method


This guide deals with the selection of the appropriate leak testing method for either leak measurement or location for a particular system being tested (test system), which may consist either of open units or sealed units. The leak testing method may either be dynamic or static, with the dynamic test method requiring shorter time but lesser sensitivity as compared to static techniques. The choice of the appropriate leak testing method shall involve most importantly the optimization of the sensitivity, cost, and reliability of the test. In the case where various testing methods are available for a particular test system, each shall be examined separately and then ranked according to test system sensitivity. However, when determining the sensitivity, it is important to be able to differentiate the sensitivity associated with the instrument used to measure leakage from the sensitivity of the test system followed using the instrument. While the sensitivity of a specific test is dependent on the sensitivity of the instrument used, the choice of instrument and the test system are both influenced by the range of temperatures or pressures and the kinds of fluids involved.


1.1 This guide2 is intended to assist in the selection of a leak testing method.3   Fig. 1 is supplied as a simplified guide.

FIG. 1 Guide for Selection of Leakage Testing Method

 Guide for Selection of Leakage Testing Method Guide for Selection of Leakage Testing Method

1.2 The type of item to be tested or the test system and the method considered for either leak measurement or location are related in the order of increasing sensitivity.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 03.03
Developed by Subcommittee: E07.08
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.1520/E0432-91R22
ICS Code: 77.040.99