Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 31, 2010
ASTM E104-02

Standard Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions

Standard Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions
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Significance and Use

Standard value relative humidity environments are important for conditioning materials in shelf-life studies or in the testing of mechanical properties such as dimensional stability and strength. Relative humidity is also an important operating variable for the calibration of many species of measuring instruments.


1.1 This practice describes one method for generating constant relative humidity (rh) environments in relatively small containers.

1.2 This practice is applicable for obtaining constant relative humidities ranging from dryness to near saturation at temperatures spanning from 0 to 50—C.

1.3 This practice is applicable for closed systems such as environmental conditioning containers and for the calibration of hygrometers.

1.4 This practice is not recommended for the generation of continuous (flowing) streams of constant humidity unless precautionary criteria are followed to ensure source stability. (See Section 9.)

1.5 Caution-Saturated salt solutions are extremely corrosive, and care should be taken in their preparation and handling. There is also the possibility of corrosive vapors in the atmospheres over the saturated salt solutions.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific safety precautionary information see 1.5 and 10.1.

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Book of Standards Volume: 11.07
Developed by Subcommittee: D22.11
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.1520/E0104-02
ICS Code: 19.040