Significance and Use
5.1 This test method can be utilized to determine the fatigue resistance of asphalt mixtures. The test method is generally valid for specimens that are tested at intermediate temperatures. The three-point bending cylinder test samples are obtained by coring a 68 mm diameter cylinder from the center of a 150 mm diameter gyratory compacted sample, or horizontal coring from field cores or slabs cut from field sections. After coring, the sample is ready for testing and no further sample preparations steps are required. The two ends of the 68 mm diameter three-point bending cylinder sample do not need to be sliced.
5.2 The Timoshenko beam theory is used to calculate the reduction in dynamic modulus for each loading cycle. The test can be used to investigate the fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures at various strain levels, temperatures, and frequencies. The results can be used to compare the fatigue life (Nf) for different asphalt mixtures. The Nf value can be calculated as the 50 % reduction in dynamic modulus. The Nf value is an indicator of fatigue performance of asphalt mixtures containing various mix design properties, asphalt binder types and modifications, gradations, and recycled materials. Typically, a higher Nf value indicates better fatigue performance. The Nf value may be used to identify crack-prone mixtures in performance-based mix design or in construction acceptance procedures, or both.
Note 1: The quality of the results produced by this test method are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing, sampling, inspection, etc. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Specification alone does not completely ensure reliable results. Reliable results may depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.
1.1 This test method provides a procedure to determine the fatigue life (number of cycles to failure, Nf) of asphalt mixtures, and also the reduction in dynamic modulus (|E*|) with loading cycles, using cylindrical samples subjected to three-point cyclic bending. The results obtained from this test can be used to calibrate Viscoelastic Continuum Damage (VECD) models to obtain a damage characteristic curve, which in turn can be used to obtain fatigue lives (Nf) at a variety of temperatures, strain levels, and frequencies (a separate standard practice is being drafted for this procedure). Even though this test method is intended primarily for displacement (strain) controlled fatigue testing, certain sections may provide useful information for force-controlled tests.
1.2 The test method describes the testing apparatus, instrumentation, specimen fabrication, and analysis procedures required to determine the number of cycles to failure of asphalt concrete.
1.3 The text of this test method references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the test method.
1.4 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.