Standard Active Last Updated: Sep 30, 2021 Track Document
ASTM D8400-21

Standard Guide for Assessing Spoilage of Hemp Seed Intended for Human Consumption

Standard Guide for Assessing Spoilage of Hemp Seed Intended for Human Consumption D8400-21 ASTM|D8400-21|en-US Standard Guide for Assessing Spoilage of Hemp Seed Intended for Human Consumption Standard new BOS Vol. 15.10 Committee D37
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Significance and Use

3.1 This guide provides a method for rapid, visual, on-site assessment of spoilage of hemp seed that will assist in managing food quality and productivity while maintaining consumer safety. It can be augmented with a number of laboratory tests to determine spoilage.

3.2 This guide provides a method to identify hemp seed samples that are likely to spoil by quantifying discolored (dark yellow or brown) dehulled seed. Samples from lots/batches that display more than 2 % discolored2 dehulled seed are generally considered to be compromised.

3.3 Laboratories providing certificates of analysis can validate this spoilage test. Used in conjunction with a peroxide value (PV) and FFA content or other methods, results will help determine the acceptability of a lot/batch of seed. In addition, a trained panel can complete organoleptic testing, but this should be used in combination with other tests.

3.3.1 It is recommended that where possible, test results taken from samples are reported with a calculated margin of error to ensure statistical significance or relevant results.

3.4 Product wastage will be reduced when spoilage is identified early, and decisions to re-target other viable uses may help assess pricing, discounts, and salvageable seed.


1.1 This guide covers the recommended steps for a visual assessment of spoilage in hemp seed intended for human consumption. Additional recognized laboratory tests can be completed as necessary to augment this guide.

1.2 This guide applies to plant breeders, hemp seed producers, storage facilities, laboratories, and processors. This guide does not apply to hemp seed intended for planting.

1.3 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 15.10
Developed by Subcommittee: D37.07
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D8400-21
ICS Code: 11.120.99; 65.020.20