Standard Active Last Updated: Feb 10, 2021
ASTM D8133-21

Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Level Phthalates in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Plastics by Solvent Extraction—Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

Significance and Use

5.1 Identification and Quantification of Phthalates—DBP, BBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP and DIDP are representative of the phthalates either banned or being monitored by a variety of regulations. Regulations include: EU—Directive 2005/84/EC, US—Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 – section 108, Japan—Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry guideline No. 336 (2010) and IEC 62321-8:2017. These test methods provide a procedure to identify and quantify phthalates in PVC.

5.2 Other techniques successfully used to separate and identify phthalates in PVC include TD-GC/MS (ASTM D7823), GC/MS, HPLC/UV, HPLC/MS, FTIR, and GC/FID (flame ionization detector).


1.1 This test method provides a procedure to quantify six phthalates by solvent extraction of plasticized PVC articles followed by analysis of the extract by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Six phthalates, BBP, DBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP, and DIDP, are used to illustrate how to implement the method.

Note 1: The method can be extended to other phthalates in a wide range of polymeric substrates.

1.2 Within the context of this method, “low level” is defined as 1000 ppm.

1.3 The values in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Note 2: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 08.03
Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.1520/D8133-21
ICS Code: 83.080.20