Standard Active Last Updated: Jul 28, 2017
ASTM D8090-17

Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution and Shape Analysis of Paints and Pigments Using Dynamic Imaging Methods

Significance and Use

5.1 By following this test method, the particle size, particle size distribution and particle shape of particulates in liquid paint and pigment dispersions can be measured.

5.2 Particle size, particle size distribution and particle shape have a great effect on the color, opacity and gloss of paints. Reproducing these characteristics is critical to the quality and performance of the paint produced.

5.3 The dynamic imaging instrument is useful during manufacturing to detect oversize particles as well as the required size distribution of particles in order to provide quality and consistency from batch to batch.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of particle size distribution and particle shape of liquid paints and pigmented liquid coatings by Dynamic Image Analysis. This method includes the reporting of particles 1 µm in size and up to 300 µm in size.

Note 1: Shape is used to classify particles, droplets and bubbles and is not a reporting requirement.

Note 2: The term paint(s) as used in this document includes liquid paint and liquid pigmented coatings.

1.1.1 Some paints may be too viscous to flow through the imaging instrument without dilution which may be used to help the paint flow as long as significant contamination is not introduced into the paint.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 06.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D01.24
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.1520/D8090-17
ICS Code: 87.040