Standard Historical Last Updated: Mar 17, 2023
ASTM D7484-21b

Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Valve-Train Wear Performance in Cummins ISB Medium-Duty Diesel Engine

Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Valve-Train Wear Performance in Cummins ISB Medium-Duty Diesel Engine
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Significance and Use

5.1 This test method was developed to assess the performance of a heavy-duty engine oil in controlling engine wear under operating conditions selected to accelerate soot production and valve-train wear in a turbocharged and aftercooled four-cycle diesel engine with sliding tappet followers equipped with exhaust gas recirculation hardware.

5.2 The design of the engine used in this test method is representative of many, but not all, modern diesel engines. This factor, along with the accelerated operating conditions, shall be considered when extrapolating test results.


1.1 This test method, commonly referred to as the Cummins ISB Test, covers the utilization of a modern, 5.9 L, diesel engine equipped with exhaust gas recirculation and is used to evaluate oil performance with regard to valve-train wear.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.2.1 Exceptions—SI units are provided for all parameters except where there is no direct equivalent such as the units for screw threads, National Pipe Threads/diameters, tubing size, or where there is a sole source of supply equipment specification.

1.2.2 See also A7.1 for clarification; it does not supersede 1.2 and 1.2.1.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Annex A1 for general safety precautions.

1.4 Table of Contents: 





Referenced Documents




Summary of Test Method


Significance and Use




Engine Fluids and Cleaning Solvents


Preparation of Apparatus


Engine/Stand Calibration and Non-Reference Oil Tests


Test Procedure


Calculations, Ratings, and Test Validity




Precision and Bias




Safety Precautions

Annex A1

Intake Air Aftercooler

Annex A2

The Cummins ISB Engine Build Parts Kit

Annex A3

Sensor Locations and Special Hardware

Annex A4

External Oil System

Annex A5

Cummins Service Publications

Annex A6

Specified Units and Formats

Annex A7

Oil Analyses

Annex A8

Alternate Fuel Approval Process

Annex A9

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.04
Developed by Subcommittee: D02.B0
Pages: 29
DOI: 10.1520/D7484-21B
ICS Code: 75.160.20