Standard Historical Last Updated: Oct 31, 2012
ASTM D7469-10

Standard Test Methods for End-Joints in Structural Wood Products

Significance and Use

These test methods are applicable to specimens with or without specific conditioning regimens. Tests are permitted to be performed on specimens that are not at moisture equilibrium, such as under production conditions in a plant, or on specimens that have been conditioned to specified moisture content or durability conditioning prior to testing.

These test methods can be used as follows:

To standardize the determination of strength properties for the material and joint being tested.

To investigate the effect of parameters that may influence the structural capacity of the joint, such as joint profile, adhesive type, moisture content, temperature, and strength-reducing characteristics in the assembly.

These test methods do not intend to address all possible exposure or performance expectations of end-joints. The following are some performance characteristics not considered:

Long-term strength and permanence of the wood adhesive.

Time dependent mechanical properties of the joint.

Elevated temperature performance of the joint.

Scope

1.1 This standard provides test methods for evaluating the structural capacity and integrity of end-joints in structural wood products.

1.2 End-joints are manufactured by adhesive bonding of machined, mated surfaces at the ends of two pieces of lumber to form a joint. Typical end-joint configurations include finger joints and scarf joints. The combination of one or more end-joints and the adjoining sections of the structural wood product within the assembly is considered to be the test specimen.

1.3 Off-line test methods include: (1) Axial Tension, (2) Bending, and (3) Cyclic Delamination.

1.4 In-line test methods include: (1) Tension Proofload and (2) Bending Proofload.

1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

5.1 This test method provides procedures for the determination of the axial tensile capacity of full-size end-joint specimen off-line.

5.2 Applications of this test method include: end-joint qualification and daily quality control of production, and other purposes where the strength of a full-size end-joint must be verified or determined.

10.1 This test method provides off-line test procedures for the determination of the capacity of the end-joint in bending on short spans subjected to a 4-point loading.

10.2 Applications of this test method include: end-joint qualification and daily quality control, and other purposes where the strength of a full-size end-joint are to be verified or determined.

15.1 This test method provides procedures for assessing the ability of the bond to resist separation after repeated exposure to moisture and drying. This test method is for end-joints in products requiring evaluation of durability, and also provides an indication of the overall consistency of the end-joint manufacturing process.

Note 9—This is adopted from Test Methods D1101, Test Method B, for finger joints.

21.1 This test method provides an in-line quality assurance procedure for end-joint strength.

21.2 This method does not provide sufficient means to fully characterize the strength parameters of a population or sample of end-joints, and is not intended to be a substitute for off-line process qualification and on-going quality control testing.

21.3 This method reduces the variability of the lower end of strength distribution by culling low-strength end-joints.

Note 17—Although this method improves the structural reliability, it does not necessarily provide absolute assurance those end-joints proofloaded to a specified test level will not fail when reloaded to the same tension stress level.

Note 18—In a continuous end joining process, end-joints may occasionally appear in the grips. Provided this is a random occurrence, the application is still considered to meet the requirements of this method.

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Details
Book of Standards Volume: 04.10
Developed by Subcommittee: D07.01
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.1520/D7469-10
ICS Code: 91.080.20